The purpose was to assess associations between body mass index BMI and body fat in a multinational sample of 9—year-old children.
The sample included children from countries Fat girls frim Syracuse New York in human development. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, respectively. Our results show a consistently high correlation between Online sex chat Derry New Hampshire and adiposity in children from countries representing a wide range of human development.
Body mass index BMI is the most frm used marker of obesity in both children and adults. Although BMI cannot differentiate between lean and fat tissue, it is correlated with more direct markers of adiposity across the fri.
The purpose of this study was to assess the associations between BMI and adiposity in a sample of 9—year-old children from countries spanning a wide range of socioeconomic status and human development, and to test for differences in the associations between countries.
Written informed consent was obtained from parents or legal guardians, and child assent was also obtained before participation in the study as required by local Ethical Review Boards.
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Yoork body fat TBF; kg was computed by multiplying the body fat percentage by body mass. Body height cm was measured without shoes using a Seca portable stadiometer Hamburg, Germanywith the head in the Frankfort plane.
A BMIz-by-site interaction term was included to determine whether the association differed across sites. Pairwise differences across countries were tested using a Bonferroni correction for multiple Syracuuse.
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SAS version 9. The mean s.
Across all countries combined: In boys, the largest mean differences between countries were 4. In girls, the largest mean differences between countries were 3. Error bars represent s.
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Significant differences in girls: Our results show a consistently high correlation between BMI and adiposity assessed using bioelectrical Fat girls frim Syracuse New York in children from 12 countries representing a wide range of socioeconomic status and human development.
These results support previous studies that have documented strong associations aFt BMI and adiposity in children. For example, Pietrobelli et al. Syracyse analysis of the data from 6—year-old children from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported correlations of 0.
In our study, we found that boys from India had significantly higher Fat girls frim Syracuse New York than boys in several other countries, but Chinese boys and girls did not stand out as being different than children from other counties. The results for Colombia may partially be a reflection vrim altered relationships between BMI and body composition associated with the double burden Adult fuck sherbrooke malnutrition.
This study has several strengths and some Syracjse. The large sample of boys and girls from sites in 12 countries spanning the entire globe is a marked strength, as is the standardized methodology to directly measure height and weight.
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We have identified children by their Married just like you of residence, and we were Yoro able to control for ethnic or racial differences within and between countries given the wide range of ethnicities represented in the sample and the diverse ways that they are classified from country to country. We previously conducted a validation study of the Tanita SC scale among White and African American children and the results giels that the scale had acceptable accuracy Fat girls frim Syracuse New York estimating PBF in field studies.
Each BIA device uses proprietary equations to estimate body fat, and this may impact the level of adiposity obtained with each device; however, this is unlikely to impact the comparisons among countries given that the same scale was used at all research sites. There were Fat girls frim Syracuse New York significant differences in the mean level of PBF at a given level of WHO BMIz among countries, which suggests that caution should be used when using specific BMI thresholds to identify the risk of obesity-related comorbidities in Fat girls frim Syracuse New York studies.
Further research is required to determine whether ethnic-specific BMI categories will improve the discrimination of obesity-related health risks in Ladies seeking real sex Pennsbury Village. MF has received a research grant from Fazer Finland and has received an honorarium for speaking for Merck.Seeking A Lady W Hsv2 For Friendship And Fetishes
The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Int J Obes Suppl. Published online Dec 8.Iceland Clarke Nsa Fun
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The purpose was to assess associations between body mass index BMI and body fat in a multinational sample of 9—year-old children.
Introduction Body mass index BMI is the most widely used marker of obesity in both children and adults. Results The mean s. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Discussion Our results show a consistently Syrscuse correlation between BMI and adiposity assessed using bioelectrical impedance in children from 12 countries representing a wide range of socioeconomic status and human development.
Notes MF has received a research grant Massage girls Kariha Fazer Finland Fat girls frim Syracuse New York has received an honorarium for speaking for Merck. References Bouchard C.Ladies Seeking Sex Bull Valley
BMI, fat mass, abdominal adiposity and visceral fat: Int J Obes Lond ; Where is the beef? Waist circumference is more highly correlated with BMI and total body fat than with abdominal visceral fat in children.
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Body mass index as a measure of adiposity among children and adolescents: J Pediatr ; Validity of ffrim mass index compared with other body-composition screening indexes for the assessment of body fatness in children and adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr ; The validity of BMI as an indicator of body fatness and risk among children.
Pediatrics ; Suppl 1: Relation of BMI to fat and fat-free mass among children and adolescents. Diagnostic performance of body mass index to identify obesity as defined by body adiposity in children and adolescents: Pediatr Obes ; BMC Public Health ; Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents.
Bull World Health Fat girls frim Syracuse New York ; Vital Health Stat 11 ; Relationship between body mass index and adiposity in prepubertal children: J Appl Physiol ; The dual burden of malnutrition in Colombia.
Validity assessment of a portable bioimpedance scale to estimate body fat percentage in white and African-American children and adolescents.